You want to taste other apples than the usual Granny Smith, Royal Gala, Jonagold or Canada, not to mention Golden, that is found systematically on the stalls of fruit and vegetables? A visit this weekend to Troyes, where is held the exhibition Europom 2018, will give you an overview of the extraordinary diversity of this fruit tree is very popular in the gardens. Not less than 3000 varieties of apples and pears originating in all the departments of France, but also Germany, Italy, England, Czech Republic, Switzerland and even Sweden will be in fact exposed in a hundred of stands held by producers, artisans and associations attached to the backup of this inestimable fruit.
“people are always surprised to learn that there are as many varieties. Nothing that in my department, the Seine-et-Marne, we have identified 70 local varieties of apples, such as the Faro or the Bondy of Brie, which remain largely unknown in spite of their taste,” says Marc Froudière, secretary general of the association of Croqueurs de pommes, who will be celebrating, on this occasion, his 40th birthday.
see also – VIDEO – fruit Trees: how to succeed at grafting yourself
The volunteers gathered under this banner are a remarkable work of identification, description and dissemination of these regional varieties as much for apples as for most other species of fruit: pears, cherries, apricots, plums, peaches, quinces, persimmons… It is estimated today that there are in France alone, about 5000 varieties of apples old, of which more than 3000 have been “genotyped” by the national Institute of agronomic research (Inra) with the aim, inter alia, to identify disease resistance genes. A comparable work should soon be started on the varieties of pears old.
Adapted to the local climate Europom 2018
les Croqueurs de pommes ‘ also focuses to describe, for each variety of the use which may be made of: fruit table, pastry, compote, jam, juice or cider, etc, demonstrations will also be performed at Europom with pressing fruits and… tasting. A workshop for determining varietal will also be available to visitors wishing to know to which variety belong the fruits of their trees. In addition, the association has local branches in each department, helps its members to save and rehabilitate the old trees, when they inherit, for example, an orchard. It also provides them with grafts and rootstock in the right time, introduces them to the size, to the conduct of an orchard of conservation, etc
“The advantage of cultivating the varieties of voice that have crossed the centuries until today, is that in addition to being tasty, they are perfectly adapted to the soils and climate of their region of origin,” continues Marc Froudière. So, they are much less susceptible to disease and require little or no treatment”.
To plant them, when the time comes, in your garden, that is to say, from the end of November for the subjects sold bare-rooted, the better, once again, is to contact your local branch of les Croqueurs de pommes. This last will bring you into contact with individuals who give grafts from their tree, and tell you where to find a rootstock suited to your soil. You can also contact the nurseries will still multiply these varieties and offer it for sale on-site or via the Internet. This is notably the case of Laurent Châtelain, Pascal Papelard (nursery of the Brie, Saint-Siméon, Seine-et-Marne), Michel Guillaumet, Jean-Lin Lebrun (nursery Mela Rosa), Frédéric Douchin (Nursery-Park-Ascoux near Pithiviers, Loiret) or nurseries Puille (Conchy-les-Pots, Oise, tel 03 44 85 01 21). Not only you will enjoy of fruits in the fragrance and flavour unpublished, but, by cultivating them, you will contribute to the preservation of these varieties, many of which are still endangered, despite efforts to save them.
Your appointment “garden” to do (mostly) not to be missed
• oct 27-28: the 29th Hortomnales, cucurbits, in all their states, the priory of Saint-Rémy-la-Varenne (Maine-et-Loire).
• oct 27-28: Feast of flowers of autumn, château du Rivau, Lémeré (Indre-et-Loire).
• oct 27-28: 3rd party plants, an area of Poulaines (Indre).
• From 27 to 31 October: 3rd “autumn festival”, events and news for young and old, the park Terra Botanica, Angers (Maine-et-Loire).
• 1-2 November: 33rd chestnut festival, Eguzon (Indre).
• November 3: open house and sales of plants at the arboretum Gerard and Claudie Adeline, La Chapelle Montlinard (Expensive).
• November 3-4: Les croqueurs de pommes celebrate their 30 years, Espace Jean-Ferrat, Quincy-Voisins (Seine-et-Marne).
• Up to 4 November: 27th international festival of gardens, on the theme “Gardens of the mind”, the domain of Chaumont-sur-Loire (Loir-et-Cher).
• 16, 17 and 18 November: exhibition-sale “500 shades of orchids”, Parc floral de Paris, 1 route de la Pyramide, Paris 12th.
• Until the 25th of November: exhibition “agricultural practices, from yesterday to tomorrow”, château de La Roche-Guyon (Val-d’oise).
• Until 8 December: exhibition “Sublime nature”, paintings by Jan Dilenschneider, bookshop-gallery, Gardens art, Paris 6th.
• 11 December: a Day of information “Plants spontaneous and gardening: what is cohabitation?”, SNHF, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 6th.