it All started in the heart of the summer, when a bomb was dropped : the intention of the government to pay to the employer the per diem between the 4th and the 7th day of judgment disease. Since then, Édouard Philippe, time delay : no question of a “transfer brutal” of this financial burden to businesses. But he also recalled that”in three years, the number of days compensated is increased from 11 to 12 per year in the private sector”. Order is therefore given to address the subject within the more general framework of the health at work, a theme which is itself the object of a negotiation brought to occupy the social partners, between the end of September/beginning of October and the end of the year.

The case will it be simple ? Nothing is less sure. Would it be only on the diagnosis, there may be a hiatus. In the trade unions, is held from the outset, to clarify that the cause of the increase in work stoppages is to be found elsewhere than in the propensity of employees to stay at home as soon as the slightest cold.

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“The explanation lies in the decline of the retirement age, ensures Serge Legagnoa, in Force. The older workers are more sick.” The same analysis to the CFDT : “no one will say that there has never been any abuse, but everyone knows that it is an effect of the ageing of the employed population, the postponement of the retirement age, and the intensification of work,” said Laurent Berger this weekend, in an interview in the World. A report of health Insurance tends to confirm these observations : the senior citizens stop more extensively and are better compensated, where the cost increasing on the regime.

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Suspicions of stops of convenience

Side Medef, if Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux, in an interview with les Echos, recognizes that some of the judgments is surely linked to the extension of the working life, it invites, however, to work on “reliable statistics, by age groups, by types of looms by types of judgments”.

Lay everything flat do not, however, guarantee a grid of uniform reading. On the side of the heads of enterprises, it will not drain never very long before the little chorus stops complacency does not occur.

“do you Know that while the number of stop is 12 per year in the private sector, 15 in the public service… and only three days among the self-employed ? application with malice François Asselin, president of the CPME. Did you know that in areas where the days waiting are taken care of, there has been an inflation of the sick… ? It is time to empower the players.”

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All the actors ? Including businesses ? “Sick of short-term, most of the time, related to labour relations issues, organizational and psycho-social risks,” says Catherine Pinchaut, to the CFDT.

For Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux, it is “unacceptable to say that the working conditions have deteriorated”. “Just go into the factories to see the progress that has been made in terms of ergonomics and all the prevention efforts that are being made.”

on The day of deficiency extra ambush

If the social partners fail to share a diagnosis, how can they agree on solutions to common ? Édouard Philippe and Agnès Buzyn said to the representatives of FO, the received last week, that there was no question of introducing a qualifying day added to the employees in the public and private sector. Deficiency for which neither the Security nor the employer (except intention on its part) does not pay daily allowances. Nevertheless, the idea, which is similar to a turnkey solution, could resurface in the context of voltage current budget.

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For unions, to combat the sick will take place primarily through prevention. It is the agenda of the negotiations on health at work, on the basis of the report Lecocq, released on 28 August. They have great hopes in the redesign of the overall system. “The Finances of the social Security, organization and working conditions, well-being at work…. Without from in of the debates, stratospheric, it will be necessary to make elements on all of this, says Serge Legagnoa (FO). It is better to put the maximum resources on prevention, it will always be cheaper than repair.”

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Read our complete file

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The employers ‘ organisations are in agreement for the prevention, but will not hesitate to put the brakes on a four-irons in front of any proposal that would affect the proper conduct of business. “‘t feed the machine to force it,” warns François Asselin, even before the beginning of the discussions. In terms of health and safety, the employer already has an obligation of result.”

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