This is a new stone into the pond of 80 km/h never ceases to crystallize discontent since its entry into force last July. A group of experts comes to create an independent assessment committee (CIE) of this flagship measure of the road safety policy of the current government. This committee, which does not depend on any pressure group and is made up of volunteers, our mission is to assess the relevance of the 80 km/h outside of any partisan spirit. To bring elements of response, the CIE has contacted, two months ago, the Ministry of the Interior in order to bring together some key figures.
These numbers have not been disclosed, although the claim has not been repeated. More worrisome still: according to the CIE, there was no system of evaluation does not seem to have been intended by the government to carry out a measurement of the new regulation. The study that follows is therefore provisional, pending the data of the Ministry that are supposed to come the complete.
the figures reported are often those of the French road network in its entirety, so that the restriction to 80 km/h only applies on a part of the secondary network. Figaro.
Decrease in average speed of 4 km/h
The analysis of professor Rémy Prud’homme, an expert in transport economy, does not represent the general opinion of the committee, even if it is published under its auspices. It is based on a cold and objective economic analysis. Since 2009, French law requires that all major public investment projects are the subject of an impact study quantified the beneficial and detrimental effects induced by their implementation. When you discover the results obtained by Rémy Prud’homme, one wonders if this study has not escaped the government.
It is necessary to first review the number of deaths to take into account. Indeed, the figures reported are often those of the French road network in its entirety, so that the restriction to 80 km/h only applies on a part of the secondary network. On the roads two-way, 1 800 deaths per year, of which 30 % for which excessive speed was recorded. It is as well that 540 people would be affected, a figure that is certainly non-negligible, but with the 3 684 people who have lost their lives on our roads by 2017.
When we decrease the maximum speed allowed, we do not know the extent to which the average speed will be reduced, since some users ride well below the limits imposed and will therefore not change their behavior. According to Rémy Prud’homme, it is realistic to speak of a decrease of the average speed of the order of 4 km/h in the case of the measure studied.
Thus, the added time to travel for all motorists concerned about a year, would be 300 million hours! Time which costs money to the company, since one hour of road transport costs 14 euros in France. An hour by train, for example, is even more expensive because they are people who are generally more affluent who use it.
80 km/h : the controversy continues – Look on Figaro Live
On the 540 people who lose their lives due to excessive speed, how much can be saved with the limitation to 80 km/h? Figaro.
3.8 billion euros lost in fine
In total, the measurement of 80 km/h would thus be 4.4 billion euros lost per year. Another question: on the 540 people who lose their lives due to excessive speed, how much can be saved with the limitation to 80 km/h? According to Rémy Prud’homme, a formula allows you to know the answer, but it is not 100% reliable. It has therefore decided to revise the figure upward, which gives us a little less than a hundred people.
It is true that a human life has no price, as is often said, but once again, this analysis is purely economic. Gold, 300 million hours lost for less than 100 people saved, it is a tribute important. For society, the lives potentially saved by the 80 km/h represent 600 million euros saved each year. We lose so always 3.8 billion euros each year.
The zero-risk, it is 0 km/h, which means the stop of all the activities, and the end of the company. There are, moreover, other ways to preserve the safety of the users at a lower cost and for higher efficiency, as the level of active and passive safety of vehicles continues to grow.
other elements have arisen within the debate, such as the fact that moving at 80 km/h decreases fuel consumption so as to be negligible, especially if one takes into account the variations in the relentless speed limit, that need to adjust its allure constantly in contempt of the energy burned. It should also be noted that this measure will impact the people with the lowest incomes, since they live on the territories of the forgotten of the Republic and those who follow the more regular side roads so that the city dwellers are circulating mainly in the city and take the highway to go on vacation.
If it is, the government got the same figures as Mr. Prud’homme in the end. But who knows, the government may have succumbed to the charms of the revenue forecasts generated by the radar road. Finally, the CIE has claimed to have heard of the defenders of the new restriction say that the measure was beneficial to the alcoholics, who were going to ride less quickly. Of course. Only, they see the panels?
The added time to travel for all motorists concerned about a year, would be 300 million hours! Figaro.