The Sainte-Catherine, celebrated this Sunday, November 25, traditionally marks the beginning of the period of planting of deciduous trees. But it is also a good time to install climbing plants, these giant stems, slender and eye-catching, ideal to cover in a short time a mature unsightly, obscure, a vis-à-vis, decorate a pergola, fence or even an old tree. The whole question is to know which one, or which of these mountaineers in the grass to choose? Several options are available to you.

If you are a fan of flowers, you will be served! The bougainvillier covers the support which serves as its support of real rivers fuchsia, purple, white, yellow or saumonées, mainly on wood of the previous year. What are the bracts, like leaves surrounding the flower tiny, which take these hues blazing. Very sensitive to cold, the bougainvillier only grows in open ground in the extreme south of France. The variety ‘Violet de Mèze’, capable of withstanding up to -10°C can be grown further north, including in the coastal zone. Also, we will install it in a pot large enough to put away the winter in a greenhouse or a conservatory.

clematis of the father Armand is characterized by its evergreen foliage. 2732349/Alison Bowden – stock.adobe.com Myriads of white flowers

Much more rustic, clematis provide a diversity of flowering remarkable both from the point of view of the color and the shape and size of the flowers. Species deciduous bloom generously from June to the first frosts of autumn. But there are also species with persistent foliage, such as the clematis of the father Armand ( C. armandii ), whose flowers cream hatch in early spring. In both cases, be sure to book their sunny exposure, while keeping their roots cool in a soil well draining.

With their myriad flowers white or slightly pink, hydrangéas climbing, as the anomala petiolaris do not like to decorate a wall exposed to the north or to the east. Same thing for their cousin, the Schizophragma hydrangeoïdes, that can be done from the onslaught of a large tree. The icing on the cake: they do not need to be cut and do not require maintenance.

Extremely vigorous, the wisteria, they are from China ( Wisteria chinensis ) or Japan ( W. floribunda ), must, conversely, be regularly contained to avoid that they take too big. The first bloom in April before the blooming buds to leaves, the latter provide from the months of may or June of long clusters of flowers in purple or white up to a metre long, in the case of the variety ‘Macroborys’.

Trumpet of Jericho The grace of long clusters of flowers of the wisteria of Japan. Masamitsu Hashimoto/Masamitsu – Fotolia

Arches, trellises, pergolas, gable of a house (provided that the palissser): they will have to adapt to multiple mediums including large dead trees where they reach impressive dimensions. You can also grow them in a large pot on a balcony or a terrace . But to flourish, they must in all cases receive enough light and heat (south or west). Same thing for the bignone ( Campsis radicans ), more commonly known as the trumpet of Jericho because of the tubular shape of its numerous flowers, yellow, orange or vermilion red.

In addition to their large floridity., the jasmine-flowered ( Jasminum officinalis ) and the false jasmine ( Trachelospermum jasminoides ) to release the delicious fragrance of perfume. The small white flowers of the first, which bloom a little later in the season, from June or July, fills the garden, several metres in the round throughout the summer. Relatively rustic, it can be grown in the north of the Loire subject to lean against a wall well exposed to the south. Very fragrant also, but with a fruity note, the false jasmine, or jasmine-starred, is distinguished from its cousin by its remarkable adaptation to pot culture and its persistent foliage sometimes variegated white, pink or red varieties ‘Tricolor’ and ‘Variegatum’), which makes it attractive even in the absence of flowers.

see also: HORTIQUID – Which vine to choose on a balcony?

The amazing foliage of the actinidier cooler. Igor Yu. Groshev, SPb, Russia/Igor Groshev – stock.adobe.com

Question perfume, a honeysuckle ( Lonicera japonica and L. periclymenum to name only the principal), the ramblers, such as ‘Madame Isaac Pereire’, ‘Albertine’ or ‘Éric Tabarly’, or, in more unusual, the wattakaka ( Dregea sinensis ) should not disappoint you.

The choice of green is another option that defends itself, especially in a situation rather shady. Whether it is a hoppy golden ( Humulus lupulus ), of the aristolochia big-leaf ( Aristolocha macrophylla ) or ivy ( Hedera helix ), these climbing little or no flowering do not like the sun too hot. Their charm lies in the unique beauty of their leaves with a special mention for the kiwi ornament or actinidier cooler ( Actinidia kolomikta ) that is tinged with white and then to pink in the course of the season. Creepers, such as Parthenocissus tricuspidata ‘Veitchii’, the most widely used despite its unpronounceable name, lining wonderfully the facades of homes, particularly those exposed to the west, where they take in the fall of sumptuous hues of fiery red. But they have the disadvantage of dismantle completely in the winter.

In speaking of vine, which produces grapes ( Vitis vinifera ) will throw you, in addition, of generous baskets of clusters of sweet, on the condition, however the supports against a wall in full sun. Installed on a fence or along a fence, the mature gardens ( Rubus fruticosa ) gives abundant crops of black berries and sweet. Undemanding in maintenance, that blackberry without spine size as a raspberry by eliminating at the beginning of the winter the twigs that come to fruition and keeping the green stems that will produce next year. Good plantations!

Your appointment “garden” to do (mostly) not to be missed

• 24-25 November: 1st Christmas market of crafts and know-how, Saline royale, Arc-et-Senans (Doubs).

• 24-25 November: the 23rd festival of the tree, and the fruit of yesteryear, Conservatory plant of Aquitaine, an area of Barolle, Montesquieu (Lot-et-Garonne).

SNHF/Marion Duplessier

• 24-25 November: 32nd day of the tree, of the planyou and fruit, Saint-Jean-du-Gard (Gard).

• 24-25 November: exhibition of floral art, “winter Magic” room, socio-cultural, The Val-Saint-Père (English Channel).

• 24, 25, 26 and 27 November: doors open to the nursery of the Arboretum des Barres, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret).

• 29 November: “Sparkle”, a day of demonstration of floral art, SNHF, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

• Until the 25th of November: exhibition “agricultural practices, from yesterday to tomorrow”, château de La Roche-Guyon (Val-d’oise).

• Until 29 November: exhibition “de Candolle (1778-1841) , botany for passion”, SNHF, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

• Until 8 December: exhibition “Sublime nature”, paintings by Jan Dilenschneider, bookshop-gallery, Gardens art, Paris 6th.

• 11 December: a Day of information “Plants spontaneous and gardening: what is cohabitation?”, SNHF, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

• Until February 28, 2019: the exhibition “winter Gardens”, the Domain of Chaumont-sur-Loire (Loir-et-Cher).

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