When the brothers Bugatti, Ettore Arco Isidoro and Rembrandt, come to the world, their fate seems to be mapped out. Descendants of a lineage of Italian artists famous – their grandfather, Giovanni Luigi has built a solid reputation as a stonemason and their father Carlo has embraced a career in the decorative arts -, the two lads, born, respectively, in 1881 and 1885, are predisposed to continue the family business. However, after studies at the Academy of fine arts, Ettore cutting the cord, much to the dismay of his father. While Rembrandt, his younger brother, becomes animal sculptor, and Ettore turned his back on the universe compassé of the salons of artists to the noise and grease of the milanese factory of tricycles and quadricycles Prinetti &Stucchi.
It is as well as takes body the history of automobiles, Bugatti. In just two decades, Ettore Bugatti managed to raise his mark to the rank of myth. Recognizable by their grille in the shape of a horseshoe – a nod to the passion equine Ettore -, these symbols of a time when France shone at the top of the global automotive production have become the jewels that collectors around the world are trading in the price of gold. On the 7 950 models built during this period, it would still be less than 2 000.
Since the beginning of the adventure, the thrill of the speed and probably the need for recognition grow this proud Italian to participate in the first sporting competitions in the european and in particular the Brescia-Verona, where he finished second. The road models will draw lessons from the race: a supplement of soul which will not leave indifferent to an international clientele and informed.
In this world of pioneers, Ettore record of precocity. Neither engineer nor mechanic, but gifted with an extraordinary intuition for the mechanics, the boy built his first car at 17 years old! The second, hailed by the title of best Italian car at the Milan Fair of 1901, attracts the attention of baron Eugène de Dietrich. Ettore is not a major, his father must countersign the contract. The ascent is meteoric. With Dietrich where he tastes the charms of the region of Niederbronn, it passes at Mathis and Deutz, where he furnished his free time to designing the type 10, the first vehicle to bear his name. First Pur-sang Bugatti, the term is dropped, the cart’s lightweight, carries all the philosophy of the later models.
race shapes the prestige of Bugatti
This vehicle is so small that during competitions, the mechanic will be obliged to hold in his arms the spare wheel is a must! In 1909, Ettore decides to fly of its own wings. It creates the brand Bugatti in Alsace, in a dry abandoned in Dorlisheim, near Molsheim. The reputation of Ettore is such that the family Peugeot asked him to develop the Baby of 1912. At the same time, he studied aircraft engines for the arming of american.
Ettore Bugatti was a rider emeritus. Bugatti
The signature of the armistice, marks the return of the family Bugatti on the land alsatian of new france. Production restarts. The race, which will forge the image Bugatti. Also inimitable timeless style Bugatti flourished during the roaring twenties. On August 3, 1924, the firm’s Pure-blood gives birth to his masterpiece: the type 35. This grand prix car embodies the spirit of Bugatti: simplicity and lightness at the service of the performance. In every detail, the aesthetic influence of the technique: the wheels of the eight-pointed light-alloy wheels, the front axle of polished steel, screw-square head, the wires run the length of the drum, aluminium corked shiny on the eight-cylinder engine online and the dashboard. As Ferrari later, Ettore was a genius to market this landmark automobile and decline versions domesticated for road use. These models are designed from the blend of elements of several versions: the type 37’s and a 35 with the 4 cylinder engine in the 40, type 43 combines the mechanics of the 35B and a body of great tourism. The orders of the gentlemen drivers flocking to the area. Boss charismatic and visionary, Ettore is also evidence of a keen sense of the communication. To ensure the promotion of the brand and accommodate his customers, he creates the Hostellerie du Pur-sang in a particular hotel in Molsheim and receives, from 1928, her client base is the most preferred in the castle of Saint-Jean. King Leopold III of Belgium will take delivery of its 59 and the future Hassan II will try his Baby Bugatti.
Ettore Bugatti and his son Roland in 1933. Bugatti
At the summit of its glory in sports, Ettore now wants to create a model of the ceremonial for princes and kings. Thus was born the Royal. “If it is sufficiently expensive, someone will buy it,” says Ettore. But with the stock market crash of 1929, the tide has turned and the biggest dream of Ettore turns into a fiasco. Until 1953, the engines will propel the railcars built at Molsheim. Having made their Fortune, Ettore is very often to Paris where he leads a worldly life, receiving many in his apartment in the rue Boissière. Without a doubt, coquetry, it installs each of your guests at a single table. At the end of 20 years, Jean, his eldest son, becomes his faithful sidekick. After a few achievements-inspired horse-drawn, it leads to a deep work of rationalization that leads to the launch of the type 57 in 1934. On the racetrack, the Bugatti are under the law of machines, both Italian and German. On the production side, the styling, overseen by John, is looking for a new breath. In the midst of daring aero, Bugatti did eventually triumph over his non-conformism with drawings and models that will be date: the Atalante and Atlantic ; the tanks 57 G in the 24 Hours of le Mans in 1937 and 1939. This period is tarnished by the strikes of the popular Front. Appalled by the protest movement of its employees, but the best paid of the region, the boss moves to Paris, leaving a 25-year-old John at the controls of the company. But insatiable tinkerer, the man in the bowler hat continues to imagine new objects, from machine tools to the reel motor for the fishing for tuna with an equal know-how.
Hatched by VW, Bugatti regains Alsace
No rest for the Bugatti. The year 1939, spreading its lot of misfortune: John is a killer on the road, and France joined in the war. The family Bugatti takes the route of the exodus. Remarried the model Geneviève Delcuze after the death of his first wife, Ettore gives birth to Theresa and Michael. Two years after having obtained his naturalization and French the same evening, where he found the enjoyment of his factory, Ettore is the victim of a cerebral attack. He died on 21 August 1947 without having repris knowledge. A triumvirate composed of Roland Bugatti, the youngest son from his first marriage, Pierre, Marco and René Bolloré attempts jauntily back, but their first car, the type 101, not innovative enough and has lost the spirit house. In spite of the finance bloodless, the cars blue offer a symbolic gesture of honor at the French GP raced at Reims in 1956. It is the last appearance of a car that Bugatti. A page turns, while still the love story between the brand and the collectors around the world. The most active of them, Fritz and Hans Schlumpf, will accumulate 134 Bugatti in the future museum of Mulhouse.
For its part, the company Bugatti, now part of Hispano-Suiza, is converted in the aerospace sector. Known for its braking systems and landing gear of the Concorde, the group becomes Messier-Bugatti in 1990. At this time, a group of investors revived the crest oval Bugatti on a car. A plant out of the ground at Campogalliano, near Modena, and Alain Delon presents the EB 110, a berlinetta, all-wheel drive and V12 to 560 hp. Michael Schumacher is seduced. This will not be enough and the economic crisis that is sweeping result in judicial liquidation in 1995. At the Paris Salon in 1998, the Volkswagen group opens a new chapter with the unveiling of the gorgeous coupe Bugatti EB 118. Ferdinand Piëch, the hegemonic and megalomaniacal boss of VW, has decided to relaunch this nugget. After a long gestation period, the Veyron EB 16.4 enters production in the summer of 2005. Now is not the time to the competition, but to the supremacy in terms of perfection and performance. The W16 developing 1 001 horsepower propels the Veyron to 407 km/h. To go to the end of the tribute to Ettore, the assembly is guaranteed to Dorlisheim and the company Bugatti Automobiles SAS has reinstated the château Saint-Jean, the historic seat of the firm. In order to complete this renaissance, Bugatti has submitted on 14 September 2009 in Molsheim, the Bugatti 16 C Galibier, a luxury sedan that is stated as the descendent of the Royal 30 years. A model that will stay at the prototype stage.
inside of the series Veyron “Ettore”. Bugatti
In 2010, Bugatti is still seeking to push the boundaries of performance, and produces a variation of the “Super Sport” of the Veyron. With 1200 horses under the hood this time, the supercar from Molsheim sets a new record by hanging the 431,072 km/h. After an impressive number of limited editions of the Veyron coming to an end in 2015. A year later, the succession is assured by Chiron, which confirms the fact that Bugatti has become a manufacturer who only has eyes for the supercars and the exorbitant figures. The bar of 1 500 horsepower is achieved with the Chiron, which takes the W16 8 litres used by the Veyron. Bugatti does not take long to multiply the variations: the Chiron “Sport” is committed to improve his behaviour on the road, as the latest creation of the brand in Molsheim, the Bugatti Divo. The latter, which takes the name of the French driver Albert Divo victorious twice at the Targa Florio in the 1920s, broke the record of prices, as it is sold for 5 million euros excluding taxes. Automobiles assembled by hand in Alsace, on the land of Bugatti, are no less fascinating objects, bringing out the passion and excitement of nostalgic, like young billionaires.