In the automobile, the success is sometimes due to the duration. Take the superéthanol (or bioethanol), this fuel composed of 85 % alcohol (E85) of agricultural origin, produced from beets, corn or even wheat. It has been promoted by all sector actors in the mid-2000s, but has never managed to take off. In 2011, Ford had elapsed that 131 vehicles running on superéthanol. Impossible, that’s still a few years, to rip off French motorists with their diesel fuel. Overheating in the price of SP95 in 2012 had raised hopes of a revival of interest in E85. False alarm: with 300 pumps, the distribution network of the superéthanol had appeared well lanky.
● A “fuel du terroir” and the enclosures “magic”
But the benchmarks in the automotive landscape have been blown up. Yesterday loved it, the diesel is today held in contempt. His price has caught up or even exceeded that of gasoline, while the superéthanol remained cheap. It fluctuates currently around 0.72 € / litre. But it is at least of € 0.50 in the north of France. Up to three times less expensive than the lead-free! A full only costs 20 € to 35 €, but it is necessary to take account of over 25 %. Ultimately more than 1200 pumps spread over the whole of france, its distribution is not more ghostly, without, however, being as dense as that of LPG (approximately 1700 stations).
” READ ALSO – motorists are jumping on the E85
But unlike the latter, a price almost comparable, the superéthanol is redolent of ecology and the “terroir”, while the LPG is a fuel of fossil origin. Especially, the E-85 does not demand a special tank which reduces the volume of the trunk, or takes the place of the spare wheel, because it is perfectly miscible with traditional gasoline.
the Icing on the cake, a case that “magic” allows for two years to convert almost all vehicles to ethanol. Flex fuel, one of the three manufacturers of this equipment (with ARM Engineering and Biomotors), admits to having increased eight-fold its sales in 2018. The company mounts this conversion box for a sum ranging between 700 and 1600 €. For Sebastien Le Polles, its president, “this transformation will deduct the amount from 12,000 km”.
” READ ALSO – Fuel: why is the E85 attracts more and more French
Is this legal? Yes, if the cameras are approved, which is not the case of those found to $ 100 on the Internet. The manufacturers ‘ guarantee still applies to the components not affected by the conversion to bioethanol. These enclosures are new and we lack the necessary hindsight to know if this amendment will stand well at the time and the miles. But the prognosis is favorable.
Garage independent and large networks, install them now easily. If you have a big bike (over 14 CV tax), you will need to wait a little before considering to use one of these enclosures. It will be better also you will not if your car does not have good processing conditions, in particular because of its high mileage.
● Not compete with food crops
We had tested a few years ago, a vehicle traveling at superéthanol (a Ford C-Max) on a long drive. We did not find any difference in the operation of the engine compared to a fuel supply. Only a smell of alcohol at the opening of the hatch of the tank reminded as we drove to bioethanol. We have not had to worry about cold start, the possible downside of the E85. The 15 % gasoline content in E85 are on the road in the morning. The consumption was proved to be superior to exactly one quarter as compared to pure gasoline.
With the notable exception of Brazil and Thailand, bioethanol remains a purely French
The superéthanol will he continue his climb? A good ten pumps open each month. The French production of ethanol, first in Europe, with 23 % of the total, is far from being saturated. It only operates 1 % of the agricultural area, which does not compete with food crops. More than 183 million gallons of E85 were consumed in 2018 (118 in 2017). The ecological balance is attractive, with a reduction of 50 % to 70 % of CO2 emissions if you take into account the analysis of the “life cycle” (production and processing of raw materials in ethanol combustion in vehicles). According to the latest studies, the share of SP95-E10 (up to 10% incorporation of ethanol in the SP95) in the species consumed exceeds by 10 points the SP95.
But, with the notable exception of Brazil and Thailand, bioethanol remains purely French. Where, without doubt, the weakness of the supply motor current. A dozen of manufacturers proposed almost thirty models at a time when great hopes were based on bioethanol, now fifteen years old. Ford continues to believe that fuel with a Kuga 1.5-liter 150 hp “Flexifuel”. The extra cost required by this vehicle is only € 100 (29.100 €) and the benefits, important.
” READ ALSO – Ford boosts his Focus and returns to the bioethanol
According to the regions, the gray card is free of charge or half the price, and the malus ecological benefits of a 40% reduction on CO2 emissions for vehicles emitting less than 250 g/km. Interviewed, Volkswagen, previously invested in fuel farm with a Golf “Multifuel”, said not to be interested in the last. Fiat would turn instead to the bioGNV (biomethane), Dacia to the GPL. The enclosures of conversion have still beautiful days in front of them.
beyond its direct economic interest for the motorist, the gasoline “green” issue of our plains shows that there are alternative pathways to the all-electric. If this renaissance is confirmed, the ministry of Finance could then be tempted to reconsider the taxation of the superéthanol. With the risk of impeding her progress by moving up the slider tax.