Men, plants, animals: all the world has suffered from the heat this summer. In particular, in parts very exposed garden, those that are oriented to the south, but also to the west of the scorching sun of the afternoon was soon to turn into a furnace. It may seem curious to look back on those episodes extremely hot and dry while winter is knocking at our doors. It is to mention that gardening is also a matter of anticipation and that it is by planting now, trees in strategic locations that we will have the best chance to enjoy a day of their protective shadow. Remains to know what species to choose… “Several criteria are taken into account: the nature of the soil, especially its pH, the size of the tree as an adult, the use that is to reserve the shaded area and the aesthetic aspects,” says Éliane de Bourmont, president of the section for ornamental Trees and shrubs of the national Society of horticulture of France (SNHF).

see also: HORTIQUID – What flowers to plant in a garden with little light?

sophora of Japan produces a beautiful shade, but its flowers are very melliferous attract a lot of insects. Valentin Kundeus/velbort – stock.adobe.com

If one wishes to take his meals under the foliage, it is better to exclude the species of honey bee as the Japanese sophora or lime trees and exudates of sap sticking to the furniture. Same thing with the trees, the berries of which generate stain indelible on clothing at the image of the mulberry tree plane tree ( Morus bombycis ), unless it is of varieties with white fruit or sterile ( fruitless ). This tree, the leaves of which are food for silk worms, has the advantage of having a very fast growth like the tree of Judea, ( Cercis siliquastrum ), or Caucasian elm ( Zelkova carpinifolia ). It is important to ensure, however, do not plant them too close to the house or the property line (a distance of 2 m minimum) and prune them regularly.

The ideal, in a garden of average size, is to opt for species which are not too large in the dense foliage such as maples ( Acer saccharum, negundo or cappadocicum ), the chestnut-to-red flower ( Aesculus carnea ), the virgilier to yellow wood ( Cladastris lutea ), the soap maker or wood of Panama (Koelreuteria paniculata), serviceberry or February of America (Gleditia triacanthos) unarmed ‘Sunburst’.

Join the useful to the pleasant, The chitalpa Tashkent blooms continuously from late spring until the first frost. Wendy Cutler under a CC license

Among the curiosities, the clérodendron ( Clerodendrum trichotomum ) or shaft of the clergy, distinguished by its flowering spectacular, and its bays of splendid which have the advantage of not staining. Not to mention the chitalpa Tashkent, shrub a hybrid result of a cross between willow, desert (Chilopsis linearis) and catalpa tree that blooms continuously from late spring until the first frost, but does not accept that the land is slightly acidic (pH of between 6 and 7).

The cherry blossoms are also good candidates, whether they are the fruit species ( Prunus cesarus ), a history of joining the useful to the pleasant, cherry blossoms of Japan or of the cherry tree of Tibet ( Prunus serrula ) with its beautiful red bark. In addition they have the advantage of the bearing of the calcareous soils.

In all cases, plant people 2 meters bare-root in a hole wide enough and deep enriched potting soil and compost, to ensure a good recovery and… to save time. Don’t forget to staking, the time that they are rooted properly. In this regard, if you live in a region that is windy, opt for a pergola that you will paste over with climbing plants fast growing as the akébie, glycine, or passionflower.

Your appointment “garden” to do (mostly) not to be missed

• 16, 17 and 18 November: exhibition-sale “500 shades of orchids”, Parc floral de Paris, 1 route de la Pyramide, Paris 12th.

• 17 November: chestnut festival, multipurpose hall, Pfaffenheim (Haut-Rhin).

SNHF

• 17-18 November: 30th fair to the trees on the theme of the landscaping of the wetlands, the covered Market, Pont-l’évêque (Calvados).

• 17-18 November: First feast of the autumn at the château de Cheverny (Loir-et-Cher).

• The 17 November to 28 February 2019: exhibition “winter Gardens”, the Domain of Chaumont-sur-Loire (Loir-et-Cher).

• 18 November: frequently asked fruit winter Saoû (Drôme).

• November 20: “Window on the garden: a world of sharing”, study day in the library of the SNHF, on the theme of collective gardens, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

• 24-25 November: 1st Christmas market of crafts and know-how, Saline royale, Arc-et-Senans (Doubs).

• 24-25 November: the 23rd festival of the tree, and the fruit of yesteryear, Conservatory plant of Aquitaine, an area of Barolle, Montesquieu (Lot-et-Garonne).

• 24-25 November: 32nd day of the tree, of the plant and the fruit, Saint-Jean-du-Gard (Gard).

• 24-25 November: exhibition of floral art, “winter Magic” room, socio-cultural, The Val-Saint-Père (English Channel).

• 29 November: “Sparkle”, a day of demonstration of floral art, SNHF, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

• Until the 25th of November: exhibition “agricultural practices, from yesterday to tomorrow”, château de La Roche-Guyon (Val-d’oise).

• Until 29 November: exhibition “de Candolle (1778-1841) , botany for passion”, SNHF , 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

• Until 8 December: exhibition “Sublime nature”, paintings by Jan Dilenschneider, bookshop-gallery, Gardens art, Paris 6th.

• 11 December: a Day of information “Plants spontaneous and gardening: what is cohabitation?”, SNHF, 84 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7th.

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